What do psychologists do? and how are clinical psychologists different from other psychotherapists?
Psychologists study behavior and mental processes, and how they are affected by an organism's physical state, mental state, and external environment. They conduct rigorous research and gather evidence from careful observation, experimentation, and measurement. Some psychologists teach and do research in colleges and universities, some provide health or mental-health services in hospitals and schools, and some serve as consultants to nonacademic institutions such as business, law, sports, and government.
Clinical psychologists diagnose, treat, and study mental or emotional problems. They are required to have Ph.D., Ed.D., or Psy.D. Psychotherapists are who do any kind of psychotherapy and anyone can become a psychotherapist without having any training. Psychoanalysts practice psychoanalysis and have M.D. or Ph.D. They may treat any kind of emotional disorder or pathology. Psychiatrist are medical doctor, and they have trained with physicians to learn to diagnose and treat mental disorders. They take a biological approach to the causes of mental disorders and treat these problems with medication, and write prescriptions. They have M.D. with a specialty in psychiatry. Licensed clinical social workers treat general individual and family problems, and they are usually required to have a master's degree in psychology or social work and experience.