Monday, March 19, 2012

Midterm Question

Discuss the five major theoretical perspectives.

There were various approaches to psychology, but these were eventually narrowed down to five. These five approaches help answer different questions that psychologists ask about human behavior, assumptions about how the mind works, and why people act the way the do These five major theoretical perspectives include biological perspective, learning perspective, cognitive perspective, sociocultural perspective, and psychodynamic perspective.The biological perspectives emphasizes how bodily events affect behavior, feelings, and thoughts. These bodily events can include electoral impulses format eh nervous system, hormones, and chemical substances. Learning perspective focuses on how the environment and experience affect a person's actions. Psychologist focus on environmental rewards and punishments that cause people's behaviors. Psychologist just observe events and actions that take place within the environment instead of trying to invoke the person's mind. Cognitive perspective underlines what goes on in people's heads and how people reasons, remember, understand language, solve problems, explain events, acquire moils, and form beliefs. Psychologists are able to interpret mental processes from observing people's behaviors. This approach is one of the strongest. the approach shows how people's thoughts and events affect their actions, feelings and choices. The sociocultural perspective emphasizes social and cultural influence on behavior. Society and culture have a huge impacts on people from the way we dress to the way we treat people. The last perspective is psychodynamic and that deals with unconscious dynamics within the individual. these can include inner forces, conflicts and instinctual energy. It originated from Freud's theory of psychoanalysis, but there are other theories. Even though there are many different psychological approaches, psychologist can agree on certain guidelines about what is acceptable and not in their area of study.

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