Bipolar disorder also known as manic depressive disorder when a person goes through mood swings from the low of a depression to the high caused from mania. These mood swings between highs and lows can be very quick. When someone becomes depressed, they may feel hopeless, sad, lose interest and motivation. When a person goes through a mood swing, they may all of a sudden feel energy. These mood shifts are different for each person with bipolar disorder. They can occur only a few times a year or as much as several times a day. In some people, it may even cause depression and mania at the same time. This condition effects men and woman equally. Symptoms may occur between the ages of 15-25. The cause is still unknown, but it seems to occur genetically. Biopolar disorder is a long-term condition, but luckily it can be kept under control thought medication and psychotherapy.
There are several types of bipolar disorder and each type exhibits a different set of patters and symptoms. There is bipolar I disorder which when mood swings are pretty extreme and cause difficultly with every day activities such as work and school. Bipolar II disorder is less severe than bio polar I. One still struggles with mood swings, but they can generally go on with their daily lives. Instead of having a full-blown mania, they have a less intense form called hypomania. The last type is Cyclothymic disorder. This is the mildest form of bipolar disorder. Someone with cyclothymia goes through mood swings but with less intense highs and lows as the other types.