In The Arts as Healing, Kivnick, H. D. and Erickson, J. M study two hospitals that have carried out an art activities program for all the patients. Similar to Martin, Healing, Kivnick, H. D. and Erickson question the idea of labeling. In the art program, all the participants are viewed as students but not patients. The program is voluntary that the patients have the options to participate actively, passively or not participate at all. I think the art activities program of Kivnick, H. D. and Erickson, J. M is an example of an art education for all. I think it is very interesting that just one simple art discipline could create plenty of different meanings to the students. For an example, the education values for painting could be the healing of internal dialogue since the students are constantly making decision of art and talking to themselves. On the other hand painting could be the healing of mastery that students learn the acceptance of the uncontrollable materials.